THE BLACKBIRD  –  Latin Name:  Turdus merula

Blackbird in summer

Feeding – Mostly insect eaters.  Also eat worms, nuts, berries,  birdfood, cheese, kitchen scraps.  Blackbirds also eat newts and shrews.

The blackbird has a very varied diet and this must be one of the reasons it is so successful. 

Blackbirds catch worms on any grassland that is ‘soft’ enough for them to ‘dig’ their beaks into.

Blackbirds eyes are at the side of their heads and a bird’s eye cannot move in its socket – so a blackbird has to cock its head to look for worms in the ground.

Male is jet black with an orange beak. 
The female is dark brown with a blackish colour at the tail.  Has dark breast with pale spots.   The female / hen bird has a brown beak
Blackbirds with some white feathers have been seen.  Click the link below to see some of the reasons why blackbirds sometimes have white feathers.Below is a link to some information about white feathered blackbirds


HABITAT – General and very varied.  Woodland, fields, gardens, towns, cities, countryside.

Originally the blackbird was a woodland bird

SONG: tchook, tchook, tchook  –  the alarm call of the blackbird  It also sings a mellow song.

BREEDING – May to July.  Up to three broods can be hatched in one year.

EGGS: 3-6  Bluish green colour andspotted with brown 

INCUBATION: 11-17 days

FLEDGLING: 12- 19 days

NEST:  In bushes, trees, creepers, shrubs.  Uses grass, horsehair, fine roots to build the nest .  It is bound together with mud.  The inside of the nest usually is lined with grass.

Birds nest in a variety of hedges and trees.  Here is one hedge that is good for birds. 


SIZE:  24 – 27 cm ( 9  1/2 to 11 inches)


If  you have any blackbird facts or stories or information let me know and we can add it to this fact sheet.

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